The frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation coefficient of intertidal marine sediments


Robb, G.B.N., Best, A.I., Dix, J.K., Bull, J.M., Leighton, T.G. and White, P.R. (2006) The frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation coefficient of intertidal marine sediments. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, (5), 2526-2537. (doi:10.1121/1.2345908).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2345908

Description/Abstract

To advance the present understanding of the frequency dependence of compressional wave velocity and attenuation in marine sediments a series of well-constrained in situ acoustic transmission experiments (16 to 100 kHz) were performed on intertidal sediments. The processing techniques incorporated in situ spreading losses, sediment to transducer coupling and thorough error analyses. Significant variations in velocity and attenuation were observed over scales of tens of meters within the same sediment type. Velocity was generally nondispersive in sands, while highly variable silt velocities prevented any meaningful dispersion estimates from being determined. The attenuation coefficient was proportional to frequency for 75% of the experimental sites. The measured compressional wave properties were compared to predictions from the Grain-Shearing model. For the sandy sites, the phase velocities predicted by the Grain Shearing model exceed those measured, while predicted phase velocities agreed with measured group velocities at specific locations for the silty sites. For both silts and sands predicted dispersions are comparable to the intrinsic errors in group velocity and hence undetectable. The attenuation coefficients predicted by the Grain Shearing model adequately describe the measured attenuation coefficients, within the observed variability.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0001-4966 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Institute of Sound and Vibration Research > Fluid Dynamics and Acoustics
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
ePrint ID: 43485
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2014 15:20
Projects:
The application of non-linear theory and novel acoustical techniques for the quantitative examination of bubble populations in marine sediments
Funded by: EPSRC (EP/D000580/1)
11 July 2005 to 10 April 2009
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/43485

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