A regional model of hominid behaviour during the middle Pleistocene

Hosfield, Robert Tyldesley (1998) A regional model of hominid behaviour during the middle Pleistocene. University of Southampton, Department of Archaeology, Doctoral Thesis , 481pp.


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Research into the British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic has traditionally focused
upon artefact typology and the in situ stone and bone scatters from primary context
sites. The majority of the evidence has been rejected as difficult data from which little
or nothing can be said. In this thesis it is proposed that the data can support a wide
range of archaeological investigations, and that their apparent weaknesses reflect the
asking of unsuitable questions.
This thesis presents a three-stage methodology for the interpretation of all the
British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic data from the Hampshire Basin, southern Eng¬
land. The formation of the archaeological record is addressed with respect to the mod¬
ern excavation of Palaeolithic deposits, the chronology of the geological contexts, and
the transportation and redeposition of lithic material into secondary contexts. The re¬
sults of the research methodology are interpreted for the management and protection
of Britain's Palaeolithic heritage through spatial analytical techniques and GIS-based
predictive modelling.
Applications of the data to models of middle Pleistocene hominid behaviour are
investigated, with particular emphasis upon long-term survival strategies and a highlow
latitude comparison of demographic trends and population characteristics. Spatiotemporal
patterns in regional lithic signatures indicate sporadic occupation of the region,
characterised by discontinuous, low density populations. This model was supported
by the demographic data generated from the regional evidence and existing on-site
data. Other suitable applications of the data explored within the thesis are highlighted,
including models of biface form and raw material transportation.
The thesis demonstrates the potential of all the available data to investigations of
the British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic. The secondary context data can offer a valu¬
able spatio-temporal perspective upon hominid behaviour during the middle Pleistocene
which cannot be gained from the investigation of on-site data.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: Digitized via the E-THOS exercise.
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > Archaeology
ePrint ID: 43753
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
28 August 1998Made publicly available
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:28
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/43753

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