Photosynthetic electron turnover in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean


Suggett, D.J., Moore, C.M., Maranon, E., Omachi, C., Varela, R.A., Aiken, J. and Holligan, P.M. (2006) Photosynthetic electron turnover in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 53, (14-16), 1573-1592. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.05.014).

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Description/Abstract

Photosynthetic electron transport directly generates the energy required for carbon fixation and thus underlies the aerobic metabolism of aquatic systems. We determined photosynthetic electron turnover rates, ETRs, from ca. 100 FRR fluorescence water-column profiles throughout the subtropical and tropical Atlantic during six Atlantic Meridional Transect cruises (AMT 6, May–June 1998, to AMT 11, September–October 2000). Each FRR fluorescence profile yielded a water-column ETR-light response from which the maximum electron turnover rate , effective absorption (σPSII) and light saturation parameter (Ek) specific to the concentration of photosystem II reaction centres (RCIIs) were calculated. and Ek increased whilst σPSII decreased with mixed-layer depth and the daily integrated photosynthetically active photon flux when all provinces were considered together. These trends suggested that variability in maximum ETR can be partly attributed to changes in effective absorption. Independent bio-optical measurements taken during AMT 11 demonstrated that σPSII variability reflects taxonomic and physiological differences in the phytoplankton communities. and Ek, but not σPSII, remained correlated with mixed-layer depth and daily integrated photosynthetically active photon flux when data from each oceanic province were considered separately, indicating a decoupling of electron turnover and carbon fixation rates within each province. Comparison of maximum ETRs with 14C-based measurements of Pmax further suggests that light absorption and C fixation are coupled to differing extents for the various oligotrophic Atlantic provinces. We explore the importance of quantifying RCII concentration for determination of ETRs and interpretation of ETR-C fixation coupling.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0967-0645 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: AMT; subtropical gyres; tropical equatorial; phytoplankton; fast repetition rate fluorometry; photosynthetic electron turnover
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
ePrint ID: 44126
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:28
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/44126

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