Parental and chromosomal origins of microdeletion and duplication syndromes involving 7q11.23, 15q11-q13 and 22q11
Thomas, N. Simon, Durkie, Miranda, Potts, Gemma, Sandford, Richard, Van Zyl, Berendine, Youings, Sheila, Dennis, Nicholas R. and Jacobs, Patricia A. (2006) Parental and chromosomal origins of microdeletion and duplication syndromes involving 7q11.23, 15q11-q13 and 22q11. European Journal of Human Genetics, 14, (7), 831-837. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201617).
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Non-allelic homologous recombination between chromosome-specific LCRs is the most common mechanism leading to recurrent microdeletions and duplications. To look for locus-specific differences, we have used microsatellites to determine the parental and chromosomal origins of a large series of patients with de novo deletions of chromosome 7q11.23 (Williams syndrome), 15q11-q13 (Angelman syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome) and 22q11 (Di George syndrome) and duplications of 15q11-q13. Overall the majority of rearrangements were interchromosomal, so arising from unequal meiotic exchange, and there were approximately equal numbers of maternal and paternal deletions. Duplications and deletions of 15q11-q13 appear to be reciprocal products that arise by the same mechanisms. The proportion arising from interchromosomal exchanges varied among deletions with 22q11 the highest and 15q11-q13 the lowest. However, parental and chromosomal origins were not always independent. For 15q11-q13, maternal deletions tended to be interchromosomal while paternal deletions tended to be intrachromosomal; for 22q11 there was a possible excess of maternal cases among intrachromosomal deletions. Several factors are likely to be involved in the formation of recurrent rearrangements and the relative importance of these appear to be locus-specific.
|Keywords:||microdeletion and duplication, parental origin, chromosomal origin, unequal meiotic exchange|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Human Genetics
|Date Deposited:||26 Feb 2007|
|Last Modified:||12 Jul 2012 12:38|
|Contributors:||Thomas, N. Simon (Author)
Durkie, Miranda (Author)
Potts, Gemma (Author)
Sandford, Richard (Author)
Van Zyl, Berendine (Author)
Youings, Sheila (Author)
Dennis, Nicholas R. (Author)
Jacobs, Patricia A. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||email@example.com|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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