Cognitive and subjective dose response effects of acute oral Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in infrequent cannabis users


Curran, Valerie H., Brignell, Catherine, Fletcher, Sally, Middleton, Paul and Henry, John (2002) Cognitive and subjective dose response effects of acute oral Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in infrequent cannabis users. Psychopharmacology, 164, (1), 61-70. (doi:10.1007/s00213-002-1169-0).

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Description/Abstract

Rationale. Although some aspects of memory functions are known to be acutely impaired by (9-tetrahydrocannabinol ((9-THC; the main active constituent of marijuana), effects on other aspects of memory are not known and the time course of functional impairments is unclear.

Objective. The present study aimed to detail the acute and residual cognitive effects of (9-THC in infrequent cannabis users.

Methods. A balanced, double-blind cross-over design was used to compare the effects of 7.5 mg and 15 mg (9-THC with matched placebo in 15 male volunteers. Participants were assessed pre and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24 and 48 h post-drug.

Results. (9-THC 15 mg impaired performance on two explicit memory tasks at the time of peak plasma concentration (2 h post-drug). At the same time point, performance on an implicit memory task was preserved intact. The higher dose of (9-THC resulted in no learning whatsoever occurring over a three-trial selective reminding task at 2 h. Working memory was generally unaffected by (9-THC. In several tasks, (9-THC increased both speed and error rates, reflecting "riskier" speed-accuracy trade-offs. Subjective effects were also most marked at 2 h but often persisted longer, with participants rating themselves as "stoned" for 8 h. Participants experienced a strong drug effect, liked this effect and, until 4 h, wanted more oral (9-THC. No effects of (9-THC were found 24 or 48 h following ingestion indicating that the residual effects of oral (9-THC are minimal.

Conclusions. These data demonstrate that oral (9-THC impairs episodic memory and learning in a dose-dependent manner whilst sparing perceptual priming and working memory.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0033-3158 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: cannabis, marijuana, thc, memory, priming, subjective effects
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 46254
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:30
Contact Email Address: ptel@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/46254

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