Anxiety and orienting of gaze to angry and fearful faces

Mogg, Karin, Garner, Matthew and Bradley, Brendan P. (2007) Anxiety and orienting of gaze to angry and fearful faces. Biological Psychology, 76, (3), 163-169. (doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.07.005). (PMID:17764810).


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Neuroscience research indicates that individual differences in anxiety may be attributable to a neural system for threat-processing, involving the amygdala, which modulates attentional vigilance, and which is more sensitive to fearful than angry faces. Complementary cognitive studies indicate that high-anxious individuals show enhanced visuospatial orienting towards angry faces, but it is unclear whether fearful faces elicit a similar attentional bias. This study compared biases in initial orienting of gaze to fearful and angry faces, which varied in emotional intensity, in high- and low-anxious individuals. Gaze was monitored while participants viewed a series of face-pairs. Results showed that fearful and angry faces elicited similar attentional biases. High-anxious individuals were more likely to direct gaze at intense negative facial expressions, than low-anxious individuals, whereas the groups did not differ in orienting to mild negative expressions. Implications of the findings for research into the neural and cognitive bases of emotion processing are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.07.005
ISSNs: 0301-0511 (print)
Keywords: anxiety, angry faces, fearful faces, attentional bias, eye movements
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 47062
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
October 2007Published
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2016 08:50

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