Diagnosing and remedying the failings of official participation schemes: the CLEAR framework

Lowndes, Vivien, Pratchett, Lawrence and Stoker, Gerry (2006) Diagnosing and remedying the failings of official participation schemes: the CLEAR framework. Social Policy and Society, 5, (2), 281-291. (doi:10.1017/S1474746405002988).


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Drawing on extensive research, the article proposes a diagnostic tool for assessing official schemes to encourage participation and discusses remedial measures that might be taken to tackle problems. According to the CLEAR framework, people participate when they can: when they have the resources necessary to make their argument. People participate when they feel part of something: they like to participate because it is central to their sense of identity. They participate when they are enabled to do so by an infrastructure of civic networks and organisations. People participate when they are directly asked for their opinion. Finally, people participate when they experience the system they are seeking to influence as responsive.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1017/S1474746405002988
ISSNs: 1474-7464 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Politics and International Relations
ePrint ID: 47357
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
April 2006Published
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:23
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/47357

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