Cheong, Ying-Ching, Bajekal, Nitu and Li, Tin-Chiu
Peritoneal closure - to close or not to close.
Human Reproduction, 16, (8), . (doi:10.1093/humrep/16.8.1548).
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Peritoneal closure is a controversial issue among obstetricians and gynaecologists. This article reappraises the issue of peritoneal closure. We conducted a thorough literature search using Medline, Pubmed and Embase as well as a hand-search for all references quoted in the relevant papers. The routine non-closure of the peritoneum reduces operation time by an average of 6 min. Most studies showed no difference in the other outcome measures including infection/febrile episodes, analgesic/anaesthetics requirement, bowel function restoration, post-operative stay and adhesion formation. There are insufficient data concerning adhesion formation. In conclusion, apart from a slightly shorter operation time associated with non-closure of the peritoneum, many studies showed no difference in short-term morbidity in the closure and the non-closure group. More studies are needed to examine the long-term morbidity associated with the closure or the non-closure of the peritoneum.
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