Adults’ self-efficacy beliefs and referral attitudes for boys and girls with AD/HD
Maniadaki, Katerina, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund and Kakouros, Efthymios (2006) Adults’ self-efficacy beliefs and referral attitudes for boys and girls with AD/HD. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 15, (3), 132-140. (doi:10.1007/s00787-005-0514-3).
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Males with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) are referred to specialists significantly more frequently than females. The aim of this study was to examine differences in mothers’ and prospective educators’ self-efficacy beliefs and severity perceptions towards boys and girls with AD/HD and to explore the inter-relationships between those perceptions and referral judgements. One hundred and fifteen female prospective preschool educators and 118 mothers of boys and girls aged 4–6, enrolled in kindergartens in Athens completed a questionnaire that: (a) presented a vignette describing a typical boy or girl with AD/HD, and (b) was followed by two scales exploring severity perceptions and self-efficacy beliefs with reference to the child described in the vignette. Mothers’ sense of self-efficacy was higher than educators’ and both samples had higher sense of self-efficacy towards girls with AD/HD than boys. Educators rated the boys’ behaviour as significantly more severe than girls’. Finally, perceived self-efficacy predicted severity perceptions and severity perceptions predicted referral decisions. To conclude, adults’ differentiated perceptions of severity of AD/HD in boys and girls, which might be influenced by their own limited self-efficacy beliefs, especially towards males, might account for a proportion of the differences in referral ratio of boys and girls with AD/HD.
|Keywords:||AD/HD, sex differences, referral, self-efficacy, educators|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
|Date Deposited:||06 Sep 2007|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 02:32|
|Contributors:||Maniadaki, Katerina (Author)
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund (Author)
Kakouros, Efthymios (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||email@example.com|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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