Vibration-assisted bone-graft compaction in impaction bone grafting of the femur

Bolland, B.J.R.F, New, A.M.R., Madabhushi, S.P.G., Oreffo, R.O.C. and Dunlop, D.G. (2007) Vibration-assisted bone-graft compaction in impaction bone grafting of the femur. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: British Volume, 89-B, (5), 686-692. (doi:10.1302/0301-620X.89B5.18695).


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The complications of impaction bone grafting in revision hip replacement includes fracture of the femur and subsidence of the prosthesis. In this in vitro study we aimed to investigate whether the use of vibration, combined with a perforated tamp during the compaction of morsellised allograft would reduce peak loads and hoop strains in the femur as a surrogate marker of the risk of fracture and whether it would also improve graft compaction and prosthetic stability.

We found that the peak loads and hoop strains transmitted to the femoral cortex during graft compaction and subsidence of the stem in subsequent mechanical testing were reduced. This innovative technique has the potential to reduce the risk of intra-operative fracture and to improve graft compaction and therefore prosthetic stability.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1302/0301-620X.89B5.18695
ISSNs: 0301-620X (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: complications, femur, femoral fractures, hospitals, risk, replacement, research, arthroplasty, bone transplantation, vibration, hip, in-vitro, prevention & control, methods, mechanical, bone, materials testing, stress, prosthesis failure, reoperation, hip, humans, surgery
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Bioengineering Sciences
ePrint ID: 48351
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
May 2007Published
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:24

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