The control of human mesenchymal cell differentiation using nanoscale symmetry and disorder


Dalby, Matthew J., Gadegaard, Nikolaj, Tare, Rahul, Andar, Abhay, Riehle, Mathis O., Herzyk, Pawel, Wilkinson, Chris D.W. and Oreffo, Richard O.C. (2007) The control of human mesenchymal cell differentiation using nanoscale symmetry and disorder. Nature Materials, 6, 7pp. (doi:10.1038/nmat2013).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat2013

Description/Abstract

A key tenet of bone tissue engineering is the development of scaffold materials that can stimulate stem cell differentiation in the absence of chemical treatment to become osteoblasts without compromising material properties. At present, conventional implant materials fail owing to encapsulation by soft tissue, rather than direct bone bonding. Here, we demonstrate the use of nanoscale disorder to stimulate human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to produce bone mineral in vitro, in the absence of osteogenic supplements. This approach has similar efficiency to that of cells cultured with osteogenic media. In addition, the current studies show that topographically treated MSCs have a distinct differentiation profile compared with those treated with osteogenic media, which has implications for cell therapies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Epublish ahead of print
ISSNs: 1476-1122 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine
ePrint ID: 48504
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:32
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/48504

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