The interdict in the thirteenth century: a question of collective guilt


Clarke, Peter D. (2007) The interdict in the thirteenth century: a question of collective guilt, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 310pp.

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Description/Abstract

The interdict was an important and frequent event in medieval society. It was an ecclesiastical sanction which had the effect of closing churches and suspending religious services. Often imposed on an entire community because its leaders had violated the rights and laws of the Church, popes exploited it as a political weapon in their conflicts with secular rulers during the thirteenth century. In this book, Peter Clarke examines this significant but neglected subject, presenting a wealth of new evidence drawn from manuscripts and archival sources. He begins by exploring the basic legal and moral problem raised by the interdict: how could a sanction that punished many for the sins of the few be justified? From the twelfth-century, jurists and theologians argued that those who consented to the crimes of others shared in the responsibility and punishment for them. Hence important questions are raised about medieval ideas of community, especially about the relationship between its head and members.

The book goes on to explore how the interdict was meant to work according to the medieval canonists, and how it actually worked in practice. In particular it examines princely and popular reactions to interdicts and how these encouraged the papacy to reform the sanction in order to make it more effective. Evidence including detailed case-studies of the interdict in action, is drawn from across thirteenth-century Europe - a time when the papacy's legislative activity and interference in the affairs of secular rulers were at their height.

Readership: Scholars and students of medieval history; theologians, philosophers and legal historians.

Contents
Introduction
1. The justification if the interdict in medieval thought
2. Kinds of interdict
3. Laying of interdicts
4. The terms of an interdict
5. The interdict in action
6. The lifting of interdicts
Conclusions

Item Type: Book
ISBNs: 9780199208609 (hardback)
Related URLs:
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > History
ePrint ID: 48767
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:32
Publisher: Oxford University Press
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/48767

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