Cultural change on the north-western frontiers of the Roman Empire: case studies in Britannia and Germania Inferior

Lucas, Jason Randolph (2003) Cultural change on the north-western frontiers of the Roman Empire: case studies in Britannia and Germania Inferior. University of Southampton, School of Humanities, Doctoral Thesis , 367pp.


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This thesis examines the processes of cultural change during the early Roman (before c. AD 250)
period in selected areas of Britain and Germany, namely western England and south-west Wales
in Britain, and along the Lower Rhine in Germany. The distribution patterns of sites and specific
categories of artefacts have been calculated using the extrapolative contour method of Kriging, as
well as statistical methods in particular instances.
In an attempt to move away from textually-driven descriptions of the Roman past, the resulting
distribution patterns of rural sites, military disposition, ceramics, stamped brick and tile, and
coinage were examined in terms of the concepts of structure and agency. The patterns of each
study region were examined separately, before comparing the sites of Cirencester, Kenchester,
and Frocester Court with the regional British patterns to investigate agency and structure at
increasingly smaller scales, and to scrutinise the relationship between material culture,
structure, and agency in greater detail.
Although not always conclusive, the results suggest that such broad patterns can be used to
form, at least, general deductions about the social, political, and economic structures of the
Roman period. The results also emphasise the importance of comparing archaeological patterns
from different provinces of the Empire.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Additional Information: In back pocket of v.1: CD-ROM (1 computer laser optical disc 4 3/4 in.)
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > Archaeology
ePrint ID: 50602
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
September 2003Made publicly available
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:33

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