The religion of the people in Winchester and Southampton, c.1558-c.1603
Parkinson, Susan K. (2003) The religion of the people in Winchester and Southampton, c.1558-c.1603. University of Southampton, School of Humanities, Doctoral Thesis , 253pp.
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The impact of the English Reformation has caused huge debate amongst historians. Some
argue it was fast, and welcomed by people disillusioned with the Catholic Church. Others
stressed it was unwelcome, and the people were only slowly converted after substantial
enforcement. For some historians, the Reformation was completed with Elizabeth's
Settlement of Religion in 1559. and for others it lasted for many decades after.
This thesis aims to provide some insight into how the Elizabethan Settlement was received
at local level, and in particular, in Winchester and Southampton. Without looking for a
particular form of religious dissidence, it insteads compares similar sources for both cities,
looking for any signs of religious belief or disbelief. The survival of Catholicism, the
existence of Protestant conformity, the growth of Protestant enthusiasm, and signs of
irreligion are considered. A variety of sources have been consulted, including the records of
town governors, probate records, visitation records, Consistory Court Records, Bishops'
Registers, local courts, churchwardens' accounts, and records of government. By
continually comparing the cities, and discussing the evidence for religious belief and
practice, the thesis contributes to the debates on the English Reformation.
The Settlement was welcomed in Southampton, and met little resistance. The clergy and
the town government supported the new Church and the laity seemed enthusiastic about
Protestantism. Perhaps encouraged by the Huguenots and Channel Islanders, the townsfolk
became Protestant quickly and happily. The town government went further, becoming quite
Puritannical and Sabbatarian in its approach to godly discipline in Southampton.
In Winchester, by contrast, Protestantism was not welcome, and people resisted the changes
throughout the reign. The conservatism and obstinacy of the cathedral and college caused
the Bishop to despair. The churches showed reluctance to accept the new liturgy, and the
city governors did not actively support the authorities in enforcing the Settlement. Aided by
the seminary priests and many gentry, recusant Catholicism remained a significant concern.
By the 1590s, however, the sources suggest that Winchester was conforming more readily,
and more enthusiasm for Protestantism is detected.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BX Christian Denominations
|Divisions :||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > History
|Accepted Date and Publication Date:||
|Date Deposited:||27 Mar 2008|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 18:33|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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