CFD predictions of the influence of external airflow on helicopter operations when operating from ship flight decks


Wakefield, N.H., Newman, S.J. and Wilson, P.A. (1998) CFD predictions of the influence of external airflow on helicopter operations when operating from ship flight decks. In, RTO Applied Vehicle Technology Panel Symposium: Fluid Dynamics Problems of Vehicles Operating Near or in the Air-Sea Interface. Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, Research and Technology Organization, 1-10. (RTO Meeting Proceedings).

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Description/Abstract

A CFD model of a hovering helicopter main rotor is developed to examine airflow in the presence of ship structures and side winds. The rotor is modelled by modifying the governing Navier-Stokes equations in the region of the disc. The extra terms added to the governing equations apply a downforce to the fluid; these forces are independent of the flow around the rotor and equal to the helicopter weight. The boundaries of the computational domain are also modified in order to generate a physically correct solution. Flow solutions in both two and three dimensions are achieved using the commercial flow solver CFX 4.1. The flow solutions exhibit very good correlation with established momentum and power principles. In order to model helicopter operations from a ship's flight deck, typically a frigate, the rotor is modelled at several positions above a ship profile. Cross winds are applied to the computational domain. The thrust of the rotor is held constant and the resulting flow solutions are calculated. The power exerted at the rotor is obtained and compared to the ideal hover condition and computational flow solution.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBNs: 928370004 (hardback)
Related URLs:
Keywords: helicopter, external flow, wind effect, ship deck, computational fluid dynamics, helicopter rotor, boundary condition, numerical simulation, aircraft
Subjects: V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Fluid-Structure Interactions
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics
ePrint ID: 51111
Date Deposited: 06 May 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:34
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/51111

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