Indoor air quality assessment in an underground parking facility

El-Fadel, M., Alameddine, I., Kazopouloa, M., Hamdan, M. and Nasrallah, R. (2001) Indoor air quality assessment in an underground parking facility. In, International Conference on Monitoring Indoor Air Pollution, Manchester, UK, 18 - 19 Apr 2001.


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This paper presents an indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment in a representative underground parking facility (UPF) using carbon monoxide and volatile organic compounds as IAQ indicators. For this purpose, concentrations of both pollutants were measured at different time intervals throughout the day. Vehicular emission factors (EFs) were estimated using the EMFAC7F1.1 model. A transient mass balance model was then applied to construct concentration profiles. The ventilation rates required to maintain pollutant concentrations within acceptable standards were estimated under maximum UPF occupancy, and a sensitivity analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of changes in EMFAC7F1.1 input parameters on EFs and ventilation rates.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Related URLs:
Keywords: Indoor air quality, underground parking facility, vehicle emissions, ventilation, EMFAC7F1.1 model
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 52854
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
April 2001Delivered
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:31

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