Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon

Kobrossi, R., Nuwayhid, I., Sibai, A.M., El-Fadel, M. and Khogali, M. (2002) Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 12, (3), 205-220. (doi:10.1080/09603/202/000000970).


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This study assesses the association between the proximity of residence to cement and fertilizer plants in industrialized districts and respiratory health complaints among children (5-15 years old) in Northern Lebanon. A multi-stage random sample of households was selected from two exposed districts and a third non-industrialized. One child was randomly selected from each household for a total of 486 children. Living within 0-3 km of industries, as compared to living farther away (4-7 km), was associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk for cough with colds (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 3.40), phlegm with colds (OR = 2.14), yearly episodes of cough and phlegm (OR = 4.63), yearly chest colds (OR = 4.12), and wheezing (OR = 2.23). When compared to living in the non-industrialized district, children living within 0-3 km of industries showed a significantly higher risk for yearly chest colds (OR = 2.30). However, living in the 4-7 km region of industries was associated with a lower risk of respiratory complaints, as compared to living in the comparison area. This was attributed to higher altitudes and different meteorological characteristics. A higher risk of respiratory problems was reported among children living close to cement than fertilizer industries. Policy intervention measures are recommended.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0960-3123 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: air pollution, cement, children, fertilizer, industry, lebanon, respiratory
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 52946
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 02:42

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