Carboxyhaemoglobin levels of in-vehicle occupants commuting in an urban commercial/residential area
Abi Esber, L. and El-Fadel, M. (2007) Carboxyhaemoglobin levels of in-vehicle occupants commuting in an urban commercial/residential area. Indoor and Built Environment, 16, (2), 184-189. (doi:10.1177/1420326X07076664).
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Biological carbon monoxide (CO) monitoring is a direct approach to assess CO exposure and associated potential health impacts. Exhaled breath CO concentrations and corresponding carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) level of car occupants were measured before and after 45-min in-vehicle commutes along a congested road in a typical commercial/residential area using various ventilation modes. The effects of longer commutes were examined by fitting the measured in-vehicle mean CO levels with the Peterson and Stewart model for COHb level prediction. The increase in COHb level after a trip varied from 0 to 57% for a non-smoker passenger. Predicted COHb levels indicate that potential health outcomes can be manifested for trips lasting more than 70 min and characterized with low in-vehicle air exchange.
|Keywords:||carbon monoxide, in-vehicle exposure, carboxyhaemoglobin|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
|Date Deposited:||16 Jul 2008|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 13:10|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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