In-vehicle CO ingression: validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations


Abi Esber, Layale and El-Fadel, Mutasem (2008) In-vehicle CO ingression: validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations. Science of the Total Environment, 394, (1), 75-89. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.01.034).

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Description/Abstract

In this study a mass balance modeling approach with measured out-vehicle carbon monoxide (CO) levels and trip-specific movement record as boundary conditions were used to simulate in-vehicle CO concentration profiles. The simulation results were coupled with field measurements to demonstrate the occurrence of CO ingression into the vehicle compartment from the engine combustion and/or exhaust return of the test vehicle. Agreement between field and simulation results was obtained for variable amounts of infiltrated CO equivalent to an in-vehicle emission rate of 250 to 1250 mg/h of CO depending on the vehicle ventilation settings

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0048-9697 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: carbon monoxide, in-vehicle exposure, mathematical modeling
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 52965
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:36
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/52965

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