In-vehicle CO ingression: validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations
Abi Esber, Layale and El-Fadel, Mutasem (2008) In-vehicle CO ingression: validation through field measurements and mass balance simulations. Science of the Total Environment, 394, (1), 75-89. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.01.034).
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In this study a mass balance modeling approach with measured out-vehicle carbon monoxide (CO) levels and trip-specific movement record as boundary conditions were used to simulate in-vehicle CO concentration profiles. The simulation results were coupled with field measurements to demonstrate the occurrence of CO ingression into the vehicle compartment from the engine combustion and/or exhaust return of the test vehicle. Agreement between field and simulation results was obtained for variable amounts of infiltrated CO equivalent to an in-vehicle emission rate of 250 to 1250 mg/h of CO depending on the vehicle ventilation settings
|Keywords:||carbon monoxide, in-vehicle exposure, mathematical modeling|
|Subjects:||Q Science > Q Science (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
|Date Deposited:||16 Jul 2008|
|Last Modified:||06 Aug 2015 02:42|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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