Phytoplankton photosynthesis-irradiance parameters in the near-shore UK coastal waters of the North Sea: temporal variation and environmental control.


Shaw, P.J. and Purdie, D.A. (2001) Phytoplankton photosynthesis-irradiance parameters in the near-shore UK coastal waters of the North Sea: temporal variation and environmental control. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 216, 83-94. (doi:10.3354/meps216083).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps216083

Description/Abstract

Chlorophyll-specific photosynthesis-irradiance (P-E) parameters of natural phytoplankton in the near-shore UK coastal waters of the North Sea were determined during six 2 wk surveys carried out from 1993 to 1995. The initial slope of the P-E curve (alpha (B)) varied from 0.02 to 2.44 mg C mg(-1) chl a d(-1) (pmol photons m(-2) s(-1))(-1) between winter 1993 and October 1994; the light-saturated rate of photosynthesis (P-max)(B) ranged from 8 mg C mg(-1) chl a d(-1) during winter surveys to 332 mg C mg(-1) chl a d(-1) during October 1994. Values of alpha (B) and P-max(B) determined during October 1994 were significantly higher than in other survey periods. Although phytoplankton cell biomass was significantly higher during the June 1995 survey (due to high abundance of Phaeocystis spp. at some sites) than in October or winter surveys, the October peak in P-E parameters coincided with a period in which dinoflagellates accounted for a high proportion of phytoplankton carbon biomass. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that alpha (B) could be predicted from the total photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) incident at the surface during the daylight period, whilst P-max(B) could be predicted from a linear combination of total incident PAR and sea-surface temperature. Temporal variations of alpha (B) and P-max(B) did not result in significant temporal variation of the light-saturation onset parameter (E-k) and the overall mean value of E-k was 176 +/- 6 pmol photons m(-2) s(-1). The high turbidity of nearshore surface waters of the western North Sea appears to restrict penetration of irradiance to the extent that phytoplankton are not exposed to PAR levels at which photoadaptation of their photosynthetic apparatus is induced.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Shaw P. J., Purdie D.A., (2001). "Phytoplankton photosynthesis-irradiance parameters in the near-shore UK coastal waters of the North Sea: temporal variation and environmental control.." Marine Ecology Progress Series, 216, 83-94
ISSNs: 0171-8630 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: primary production, phytoplankton, photosynthesis, coastal, North Sea
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
ePrint ID: 53654
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:36
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/53654

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