Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall

Gourvenec, S., Powrie, W. and De Moor, E.K. (2002) Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering, 155, (3), 163-173. (doi:10.1680/geng.


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Although long retaining walls are usually analysed in the permanent condition by means of a plane strain analysis, three-dimensional effects may be significant in limiting ground movements at certain stages during construction. This is particularly true for embedded diaphragm-type retaining walls propped at formation level. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element analysis representing a typical construction sequence for such a wall is compared with a corresponding plane strain analysis and field data from the A4/A46 Batheaston–Swainswick bypass. The results are used to assess the significance of three-dimensional effects during construction, and suggest how these can be utilised to minimise ground movements.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1680/geng.
Additional Information: Gourvenec S.M., Powrie W., De Moor E.K., (2002). "Three-dimensional effects in the construction of a long retaining wall." Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Geotechnical Engineering, 155(3), 163-173
ISSNs: 1751-8563 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: retaining walls, roads & highways, temporary works
Subjects: T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 53874
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
July 2002Published
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:32

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