Research and development techniques 1: Potentiodynamic studies of copper metal deposition


Ponce de Leon, Carlos and Walsh, Frank.C. (2003) Research and development techniques 1: Potentiodynamic studies of copper metal deposition. Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, 81, (5), B956-B100.

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Description/Abstract

The electrochemistry of copper (II)/(I) in aqueous chloride solution, at pH 2, is used to demonstrate the user of voltammetry techniques in characterising electrode processes. The electrolyte used is 1.5M sodium chloride containing 20 to 50mM cupric chloride at 20C, in which both Cu(II) and Cu(I) ions are stable. A platinum rotating disc electrode (RDE, radius 0.365 cm) is used to provide controlled mass transport. Cyclic voltammetry, at a stationary disc electrode, is used to observe the general electrochemistry. Four current peaks due to (a) reduction of Cu(II) ions to Cu(I) ions, deposition of Cu from Cu(I) ions, anodic stripping of Cu to form Cu(I) ions and oxidation of Cu(I) ions to Cu(II) ions are seen. Analysis of the Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple indicates a reversible process. A potential sweep rate experiment allows the diffusion coefficient of Cu(II) ions to be calculated. The anodic stripping peak in the cyclic voltammogram is used to estimate the amount of copper deposited.
The reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I) then to Cu is examined at a range of rotation speeds (150-1870 rpm) using linear sweep voltammetry at the RDE. This allows mass transport data to be obtained and the diffusion coefficient of Cu(II) and Cu(I) ions to be calculated.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0020-2967 (print)
Keywords: anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV), charge transfer control, copper deposition, copper stripping, cupric ions, cuprous ions, cyclic voltammetry (CV), Levich equation, linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), mass transport control, Randles-Sevik equation, rotating disc electrode (RDE).
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Engineering Materials & Surface Engineering
ePrint ID: 54616
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:37
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/54616

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