Do the affective properties of smoking-related cues influence attentional and approach biases in cigarette smokers?


Bradley, Brendan P., Field, Matthew, Healy, Helen and Mogg, Karin (2008) Do the affective properties of smoking-related cues influence attentional and approach biases in cigarette smokers? Journal of Psychopharmacology, 22, (7), 737-745. (doi:10.1177/0269881107083844).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269881107083844

Description/Abstract

Research indicates that drug-related cues elicit attention and approach biases in drug users. However, attentional biases are not unique to addiction (e.g. they are also found for emotional information). This study examined whether attentional and approach biases in cigarette smokers are mediated by the motivational salience of cues (relevance to drug-taking), rather than by their affective properties (subjective liking of the cues). Cues included pleasant and unpleasant smoking-related pictures. Attentional biases, approach tendencies and subjective evaluation of the cues were assessed on visual probe, stimulus-response compatibility, and rating tasks, respectively.

Compared with non-smokers, smokers showed a greater attentional bias for both pleasant and unpleasant smoking-related cues presented for 2000 ms, but not for 200 ms. Smokers showed a greater approach bias for unpleasant cues, although the groups did not differ significantly in approach bias for pleasant smoking-related cues. Smokers rated both pleasant and unpleasant smoking pictures more positively than did non-smokers.

Results suggest that a bias to maintain attention on smoking-related cues in young adult smokers is primarily a function of drug-relevance, rather than affective properties, of the cues. In contrast, approach tendencies and pleasantness judgements were influenced by drug use, drug-relevance and the affective properties of the cues.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0271-0749 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: drug dependence, cigarette smoker, attentional bias, approach bias, stimulus evaluation, affective properties, visual probe task, stimulus-response compatibility task
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 54950
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:37
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/54950

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