Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept

Deverteuil, Geoffrey (2005) Welfare neighborhoods: anatomy of a concept. Journal of Poverty, 9, (2), 23-41. (doi:10.1300/J134v09n02_02).


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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J134v09n02_02


This paper conceptualizes welfare neighborhoods–places
where welfare payments have deeply insinuated themselves into the local
economy and survival strategies of the poor. Moving beyond Wilson’s
concept of concentrated poverty, I recognize the diversity and
heterogeneity of impoverished neighborhoods, as well as more fully develop
the relationship between welfare and place. I propose three welfare
neighborhood types–the jobless ghetto, immigrant enclave and
service-dependent ghetto–which are then explored using 2000 census
data and a k-means cluster analysis. I identify and map the three sets of
welfare neighborhoods in the two most populous urban jurisdictions in
the United States, New York City and Los Angeles County. In the conclusion,
I emphasize the pressing issue of federal welfare reform, of how
its most recent phase further thrusts welfare neighborhoods into the unfamiliar
role of being catalysts for job creation and personal transformation

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1300/J134v09n02_02
ISSNs: 1087-5549 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: welfare neighborhoods, poverty, New York city, Los Angeles county
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Economy, Culture, Space
ePrint ID: 55355
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
11 July 2005Published
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:35
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/55355

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