Models for coastal simulation based on cellular automata: the need and potential

Dearing, J.A., Richmond, N., Plater, A.J., Wolf, J., Prandle, D. and Coulthard, T.J. (2006) Models for coastal simulation based on cellular automata: the need and potential. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 364, (1841), 1051-1071. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1753).


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The paper summarizes the theoretical and practical needs for cellular automata (CA)-type models in coastal simulation, and describes early steps in the development of a CA-based model for estuarine sedimentation. It describes the key approaches and formulae used for tidal, wave and sediment processes in a prototype integrated cellular model for coastal simulation designed to simulate estuary sedimentary responses during the tidal cycle in the short-term and climate driven changes in sea-level in the long-term. Results of simple model testing for both one-dimensional and two-dimensional models, and a preliminary parameterization for the Blackwater Estuary, UK, are shown. These reveal a good degree of success in using a CA-type model for water and sediment transport as a function of water level and wave height, but tidal current vectors are not effectively simulated in the approach used. The research confirms that a CA-type model for the estuarine sediment system is feasible, with a real prospect for coupling to existing catchment and nearshore beach/cliff models to produce integrated coastal simulators of sediment response to climate, sea-level change and human actions.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1753
ISSNs: 0080-4622 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: cellular automata, numerical modelling, coastal sedimentation, Blackwater Estuary, tide and wave parameterization, sea-level change
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Environmental Processes and Change
ePrint ID: 55676
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 02:44

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