Analysis of protochlorophyllide reaccumulation in the phytochrome chromophore-deficient aurea and yg-2 mutants of tomato by in vivo fluorescence spectroscopy

Ryberg, M. and Terry, M.J. (2002) Analysis of protochlorophyllide reaccumulation in the phytochrome chromophore-deficient aurea and yg-2 mutants of tomato by in vivo fluorescence spectroscopy. Photosynthesis Research, 74, (2), 195-203. (doi:10.1023/A:1020911727791).


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The aurea and yellow-green-2 (yg-2) mutants of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) are unable to synthesize the phytochrome chromophore from heme resulting in a block of this branch of the tetrapyrrole pathway. We have previously shown that these mutants also exhibit an inhibition of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) synthesis and it has been hypothesised that this is due to feedback inhibition by heme on the synthesis of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). In this study we have investigated Pchlide reaccumulation in cotyledons from etiolated wild-type (WT), aurea and yg-2 seedlings using low-temperature fluorescence spectroscopy. WT cotyledons showed two characteristic Pchlide emission maxima at 630 nm (F630) and 655 nm (F655) respectively, while the aurea and yg-2 mutants contained only phototransformable Pchlide F655. Following a white-light flash to WT cotyledons, reaccumulation of phototransformable Pchlide F655 in the first 30 min was absolutely dependent on the presence of Pchlide F630 before the flash. Reaccumulation of Pchlide F630 was not apparent until at least 2 h after the phototransformation. In contrast, Pchlide F630 never accumulated in aurea cotyledons. The relative rates of both Pchlide F655 and total Pchlide synthesis were approximately twice as high in WT compared to aurea. Measurement of ALA synthesis capacity during this period showed that the reduced rate of Pchlide reaccumulation in aurea was due to an inhibition at this step of the pathway. In addition, feeding of ALA resulted in a substantial and equal increase of non-phototransformable Pchlide in both WT and aurea indicating that aurea cotyledons are capable of accumulating high levels of Pchlide that is not associated to the active site of NADPH:Pchlide oxidoreductase (POR). The implications of these results for the mechanism of inhibition of Pchlide synthesis in phytochrome chromophore-deficient mutants and the role of non-phototransformable Pchlide F630 during plastid development are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1023/A:1020911727791
ISSNs: 0166-8595 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: chlorophyll synthesis, chloroplast development, etioplast, NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase, phototransformation, phytochromobilin, Shibata shift, tetrapyrrole synthesis
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
ePrint ID: 56274
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
November 2002Published
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:36

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