Reproductive decisions under threat of predation: squirrel treefrog (Hyla squirella) responses to banded sunfish (Enneacanthus obesus)
Binckley, Christopher A. and Resetarits, William J. (2002) Reproductive decisions under threat of predation: squirrel treefrog (Hyla squirella) responses to banded sunfish (Enneacanthus obesus). Oecologia, 130, (1), 157-161. (doi:10.1007/s004420100781).
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We tested whether the presence of a predator (non-lethal effect) could produce patterns of prey distribution and abundance attributed historically to direct mortality. Sixteen experimental ponds (1,000 l cattle watering tanks) were established; eight containing seven enclosed banded sunfish, Enneacanthus obesus, and eight predator-free controls. Ponds were colonized by ovipositing squirrel treefrogs, Hyla squirella, and a total of 33,128 eggs and tadpoles were recovered from the experimental ponds. Significantly more eggs and tadpoles (94.8%) were recorded from the predator-free treatments. These data support an alternative mechanism, based primarily on maternal behavior, explaining classic patterns of anuran species composition across a landscape of breeding sites.
|Keywords:||oviposition, non-lethal effects, predation, reproduction, anuran|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
|Date Deposited:||08 Aug 2008|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 18:39|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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