A constitutively active SPTBN1-FLT3 fusion in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia is sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immunotherapy
Grand, Francis H., Iqbal, Sameena, Zhang, Lingyan, Russell, Nigel H., Chase, Andrew and Cross, Nicholas C.P. (2007) A constitutively active SPTBN1-FLT3 fusion in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia is sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immunotherapy. Experimental Hematology, 35, (11), 1723-1727. (doi:10.1016/j.exphem.2007.07.002).
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To determine the consequences and significance of an acquired 46XX,t(2;13;2;21)(p13;q12;q33;q11.2) in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML).
Translocation breakpoints were identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization and a novel fusion gene identified by rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction. Functional analysis of the fusion was performed using the Ba/F3 transformation assay and specific inhibition demonstrated using small molecule inhibitors.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that FLT3 at 13q12 was disrupted and 5′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain reaction identified a novel in-frame mRNA fusion between exon 3 of SPTBN1 (spectrin, β, nonerythrocytic 1) at chromosome 2p16 and exon 13 of FLT3. Expression of SPTBN1-FLT3 transformed Ba/F3 cells to growth factor independence and was accompanied by constitutive phosphorylation of the fusion protein and the downstream substrate extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2. The growth of transformed cells was inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion by SU11657, PKC412, and TKI258 (CHIR-258), but not by imatinib. To determine if FLT3 might be involved more widely in BCR-ABL–negative aCML, we analyzed 40 cases and found two were internal tandem duplication–positive, but D835 mutations were not observed. The t(2;13;2;21) patient was initially treated with hydroxyurea and subsequently underwent an unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation. She relapsed cytogenetically at 4 years, but responded to donor lymphocyte infusion, achieving sustained cytogenetic and molecular (nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) remission.
Although FLT3 abnormalities are uncommon in aCML, SPTBN1-FLT3 is a novel constitutively active tyrosine kinase that appears to responsive to both targeted signal transduction therapy and immunotherapy.
|Keywords:||bone marrow, transplantation, phosphorylation, growth, leukemia, hydroxyurea, tyrosine,atypical, lymphocyte transfusion, oncogene proteins, laboratories, methods, female, protein|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RD Surgery
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Human Genetics
|Date Deposited:||04 Sep 2008|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 11:31|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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