Birth intervals and injectable contraception in sub-Saharan Africa
Ngianga-Bakwin, Kandala and Stones, R. William (2005) Birth intervals and injectable contraception in sub-Saharan Africa. Contraception, 71, (5), 353-356. (doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2004.10.013).
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The interval between births is associated with child survival in the developing world. We aimed to investigate associations between use of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate and other reversible contraception and short birth intervals in sub-Saharan Africa.
Data from successive Demographic and Health Surveys undertaken in nine African countries were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to explain changes in the proportion of short birth intervals in four countries with relatively high use of reversible contraception.
The overall odds ratio for the trend was 0.90 (95% CI 0.84 to 0.95) and this was unaffected by adjusting for the other variables. The odds of a short birth interval were reduced by exclusive breastfeeding (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.78) and increased by use of injectable contraception (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.38).
The proportion of short birth intervals has changed little over the last decade in a context of very low use of the intrauterine device. Widespread adoption of injectable contraception is associated with greater odds of a short birth interval, thus not contributing favorable conditions for improved child health.
|Keywords:||birth intervals, injectable contraception, sub-saharan africa|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Community Clinical Sciences
|Date Deposited:||30 Sep 2008|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 12:15|
|Contact Email Address:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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