The management of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: is there a consensus?

Hefti, Fritz and Clarke, N.M.P. (2007) The management of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: is there a consensus? Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, 1, (1), 19-25. (doi:10.1007/s11832-007-0010-z).


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Purpose The aim of the study was to find out whether or not there is consensus among experienced pediatric orthopaedists about the management of certain clinical scenarios in Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease.
Methods A questionnaire was sent to all 297 members of the European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society (EPOS) describing four cases of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease (LCPD) with two X-rays each and a short description of the clinical scenario. Two of the patients were younger and two were older than six years of age. From both age groups there was one with a good range of motion and an X-ray classified as Herring A or B, while the other patient had a poor range of motion and an X-ray classified as Herring C. EPO members were asked to choose from various treatment options or to describe any other therapy that they would advise in the clinical scenarios.
Results One-hundred and fifty members answered the questionnaire. The participants had an average of 20 years of experience in pediatric orthopaedics. There was a consensus that no surgery should be performed in a young patient with a good range of motion and that there should be no weight relief when older with a good range of motion. Conservative containment treatment (abduction splint, Petrie cast) and arthrodiastasis was suggested in only very few centres. There was a tendency to perform • an operation when the patient is older with a poor range of motion and to perform operative treatment only when there were subluxation or head at risk signs.
• pelvic osteotomies or a combination of pelvic and femoral osteotomies rather than femoral osteotomies alone. Age did not determine the indication for treatment and there was no agreement on the indications for physiotherapy. There was also no consensus on the type of pelvic osteotomy to be used.

Conclusions The study showed that indications for the treatment of LCPD is based more on the personal experience of the surgeon rather than on scientific data.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1007/s11832-007-0010-z
ISSNs: 1863-2521 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: legg-calvé-perthes disease, multicentre study, indication, operative treatment, conservative treatment
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
ePrint ID: 61209
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
March 2007Published
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:44

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