Relationship of height, weight and body mass index to the risk of hip and knee replacements in middle-aged women


Liu, B., Balkwill, A., Banks, E., Cooper, C., Green, J. and Beral, V. (2007) Relationship of height, weight and body mass index to the risk of hip and knee replacements in middle-aged women. Rheumatology, 46, (5), 861-867. (doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kel434).

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Description/Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of height, weight and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of hip and knee replacement in middle-aged women. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study 490 532 women aged 50-69 yrs who were recruited in the UK in 1996-2001 were followed over 2.9 yrs for incident primary hip and knee replacements. RESULTS: Height, weight and BMI were all associated with the risk of hip and knee replacement. Comparing the tallest group (>/=170 cm) with the shortest (/= 30 kg/m(2)) to women with a BMI < 22.5 kg/m(2), the relative risks for hip and knee replacement were 2.47 (95%CI 2.11-2.89) and 10.51 (95%CI 7.85-14.08), respectively. These effects did not vary according to age, education, alcohol and tobacco consumption, or with use of hormonal therapies. Currently, an estimated 27% of hip replacements and 69% of knee replacements in middle-aged women in the UK are attributable to obesity. CONCLUSION: In middle-aged women, the risk of having a hip or knee replacement increases with both increasing height and increasing BMI. From a clinical perspective, relatively small increases in average BMI among middle-aged women are likely to have a substantial impact on the already increasing rates of joint replacement in the UK.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1462-0324 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: joint replacement, obesity, anthropometry, prospective study, million women study
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
ePrint ID: 61336
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:43
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/61336

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