Passive electrode effect reduces defibrillation threshold in bi-filament middle cardiac vein defibrillation


Paisey, John R., Yue, Arthur M., Bessoule, Frederick, Roberts, Paul R. and Morgan, John M. (2006) Passive electrode effect reduces defibrillation threshold in bi-filament middle cardiac vein defibrillation. Europace, 8, (2), 113-117. (doi:10.1093/europace/euj034).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euj034

Description/Abstract

AIMS: To investigate whether a passive electrode effect decreases defibrillation threshold (DFT) in multi-filament middle cardiac vein (MCV) defibrillation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve pigs underwent active housing (AH) insertion, with defibrillation coils placed transvenously in right ventricular apex and superior vena cava. The MCV was cannulated, and 1.12F, 50 mm coil electrodes (Ela Medical SA, France) were deployed in its right and left branches. Lead placement was possible in 11 of 12 animals. DFT (J, mean +/- SD) was determined by three-reversal binary search and compared between the MCV monofilament (single filament deployed) and the AH (25.9 +/- 10.9) and the MCV mono + passive filaments (both filaments deployed, one connected) and the AH (19.9 +/- 11.4); 24% DFT reduction P = 0.008. CONCLUSION: A bystander electrode adjacent to a monofilament electrode in the MCV reduces DFT by 24% when compared with monofilament MCV alone. Microfilament electrodes decrease DFT as auxiliary anode but not as sole anode.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1099-5129 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: methods, defibrillators, research, adverse effects, electrodes, electric countershock, equipment failure, therapy, implanted, electric impedance, instrumentation, hospitals, female, implantable, swine, animals, equipment design, ventricular fibrillation, coronary vessels, physiopathology
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
ePrint ID: 61419
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:43
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/61419

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