Echocardiography-based score to predict outcome after renal transplantation

Sharma, Rajan, Chemla, Eric, Tome, Maite, Mehta, Rajnikant L., Gregson, Helen, Brecker, Stephen J., Chang, Rene and Pellerin, Denis (2007) Echocardiography-based score to predict outcome after renal transplantation. Heart, 93, (4), 464-469. (doi:10.1136/hrt.2006.096826).


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Background: Given the high cardiac mortality of renal transplant recipients, identification of high-risk patients is important to offer appropriate treatment before transplantation.

Aim: To determine patients with high mortality after renal transplantation despite selection according to current criteria.

Methods: Preoperative parameters were collected from 203 renal transplant recipients over a follow-up time of 3.6 (1.9) years. The primary end point was all-cause mortality.

Results: 22 deaths (11%) and 12 cardiac failures (6%) were observed. Non-survivors were older (p0.001), had larger left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVSD) (p0.001) and end-diastolic diameter (p = 0.002), and lower ejection fraction (p0.001). Left ventricular mass index (p = 0.001), maximal wall thickness (p = 0.006) and the proportion with mitral annular calcification (p = 0.001) were significantly higher in the non-survivors. The risk factors for ischaemic heart disease and exercise test data were not significantly different between the two groups. Four independent predictors of mortality after renal transplantation were identified: age 50 years (p = 0.002), LVESD 3.5 cm (p = 0.002), maximal wall thickness 1.4 cm (p = 0.014) and mitral annular calcification (p = 0.036). The 5-year survival estimates for 0, 1, 2 and 3 prognostic factors were 96%, 86%, 69% and 38%, respectively. No patient had four prognostic factors. In patients 50 years, the 5-year survival estimates for 0, 1 and 2 additional prognostic factors were 73%, 45% and 18%, respectively.

Conclusion: In addition to selection according to current guidelines, age and three conventional echocardiography parameters may further improve risk stratification before renal transplantation.

Abbreviations: LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESD, left ventricular end-systolic diameter

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1136/hrt.2006.096826
ISSNs: 1355-6037 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: kidney failure, humans, london, left ventricular mass, echocardiography, heart failure, disease, male, female, prospective studies, diagnosis, observer variation
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Community Clinical Sciences
ePrint ID: 62112
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
15 September 2007Published
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:45

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