Influence of socio-economic deprivation on the prevalence and outcome of depression in primary care: the Hampshire depression project
Ostler, K., Thompson, C., Kinmonth, A.L., Peveler, R.C., Stevens, L. and Stevens, A. (2001) Influence of socio-economic deprivation on the prevalence and outcome of depression in primary care: the Hampshire depression project. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, (1), 12-17.
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BACKGROUND: Health inequalities exist for many disorders, but the contribution of deprivation to the prevalence and outcome of depressive symptoms in primary care populations has been infrequently studied. AIMS: To examine the influence of Jarman under-privileged area (UPA) scores on the prevalence and outcome of depressive symptoms in general practice patients.
METHOD: 18 414 patients attending 55 representative practices completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a questionnaire for employment status. Outcome of those screening positive was assessed at 6 weeks and 6 months.
RESULTS: The UPA score accounted for 48.3% of the variance between practices in prevalence of depressive symptoms. Attending a high UPA score practice predicted persistence of depressive symptoms to 6 months.
CONCLUSIONS: The socio-economic deprivation of a practice locality is a powerful predictor of the prevalence and persistence of depressive symptoms.
|Keywords:||employment, unemployment, humans, depressive disorder, population, male, non-U.S.gov't, research support, economics, socioeconomic factors, adult, poverty, middle aged, 80 and over, England, health, patients, adolescent, aged, clinical-trial, depression, odds ratio, prevalence, female, age distribution, aged, anxiety, epidemiology, research|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Clinical Neurosciences
|Date Deposited:||12 Sep 2008|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 00:40|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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