How psychology and cognition can inform the creation of ontologies in semantic technologies

Engelbrecht, Paula and Dror, Itiel (2009) How psychology and cognition can inform the creation of ontologies in semantic technologies. In, Kiyoki, Y., Tokuda, T., Jaakkola, H., Chen, X. and Yoshida, N. (eds.) Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XX. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, IOS Press, 340-347.


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This paper demonstrates how cognitive psychology can contribute to the development of ontologies for semantic technologies and the semantic web. Specifically, the way in which the human cognitive system structures and processes conceptual information can act as a model for structuring formal ontologies, and can guide knowledge elicitation and the use of controlled natural languages. One conclusion is that during knowledge elicitation the dynamic nature of human information retrieval needs to be taken into account to obtain an ontology that is appropriate for its context of use. A further practical implication is that ontology developers need to be more specific and explicit about what they mean by the term ontology (e.g. does an ontology describe typical concept attributes or attributes that are true of most instances?) when explaining the use of concepts in ontologies to domain experts.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBNs: 9781586039578 (hardback)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Cognition
ePrint ID: 63599
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
January 2009Published
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:48

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