European approaches to ensure good animal welfare

Veissier, Isabelle, Butterworth, Andrew, Bock, Bettina and Roe, Emma (2008) European approaches to ensure good animal welfare. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 113, (4), 279-297. (doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.01.008).


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Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the
Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations
that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The European Union
(EU) started discussions on animal welfare in the 1980s and adopted a series of Directives to protect farm
animals. Both Recommendations and Directives de?ne higher space allowance, more opportunity for social
contacts, balanced diet, enriched environment, and limitation of harmful procedures. Animal welfare law
varies across Europe with Northern states generally having the most stringent legislation.
There is also an increasing variety of farm production schemes within European member states which
contain animal welfare standards that go beyond the legal minimum. Some schemes are retailer-led; others
are founded by producer organizations, sometimes in co-operation with non-governmental organisations.
The differences between schemes re?ect higher national legal requirements, higher quality industry
schemes, organic production schemes and speci?c welfare-friendlier schemes. The communication of
these higher welfare standards to consumers through the use of a quality assurance scheme logo on a product
or packaging claims does not always happen. Farmers differ in their motivation for participating in animal
welfare schemes. Some are mainly encouraged by premium prices; others give ethical reasons for changing
towards animal friendly production methods.
Although there is no of?cial link between the Brambell report and European regulations to protect farm
animals, the fact that the ?rst European regulations to protect animals were adopted 10 years after the report
and were in line with the conclusions of the report suggest that the report was in?uential, not only in the
United Kingdom but also in the rest of Europe.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2008.01.008
ISSNs: 0168-1591 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: european legislation, animal-welfare friendly products, marketing schemes, attitudes
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Economy, Culture, Space
ePrint ID: 64123
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
October 2008Published
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:48

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