Finding and investigating geographical data online

Martin, David, Cockings, Samantha and Leung, Samuel (2008) Finding and investigating geographical data online. In, Fielding, Nigel, Lee, Raymond M. and Blank, Grant (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods. London, UK, Sage, 403-418.


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The chapter will provide: an overview of geographical referencing and the importance of geographically referenced data; examples of geographical data linkage and mapping, including some case studies; and a discussion of the creation of geographical datasets and of how work with online geographical data relates to other elements of the geographical information industry. We explain how geographical information systems (GIS) are relevant, and guide readers who wish to find out more about GIS per se to relevant sources that provide an introduction to GIS. Our discussion of the emergence of online tools for geographical data is subdivided into: Data sources (e.g. NeSS, US Factfinder); Geographical linkage (directories, lookups, e.g. GeoConvert); Mapping (both online, using virtual globes and mapping sites, and offline using data from the internet); and more specialist spatial analysis tools. In further guidance for those seeking to apply these tools we highlight the resources provided by Geo-Refer.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBNs: 1412922933 (hardback)
9781412922937 (hardback)
Related URLs:
Keywords: geographical information, gis, georeferencing, representation, sources, linkage, mapping, spatial analysis, online
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis
ePrint ID: 64162
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
July 2008Published
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:48
Geo-Refer: Georeferencing Resources for Social Scientists
Funded by: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods (PTA-035-25-0029)
Led by: David James Martin
1 February 2006 to 31 January 2008
Geo-Refer 2: meeting community-specific research needs in geographical referencing
Funded by: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods (RES-035-25-0047)
Led by: David James Martin
1 February 2008 to 31 December 2008

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