Minimising the environmental impact of shipping: clean ships for a new century

Turnock, S.R. (1995) Minimising the environmental impact of shipping: clean ships for a new century. In, Proceedings of MARIENV'95. International Conference on Technologies for Marine Environment Preservation Tokyo, Japan, Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 533-540.


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A review is made of the current impact of shipping on the environment throughout the whole life cycle of the ship from its construction through to its scrapping. Each stage of the life cycle is examined with respect to both global and local impact of the associated activities. The factors affecting the level of impact, its acceptability and the possible means by which its environmental damage can be reduced are considered. In particular, mechanisms for ensuring that it is economically beneficial to minimise damage are proposed. The main area in which Naval Architects can contribute to the development of cleaner ships is seen to be through better design and planning for the complete life cycle of the vessel. Increased investment in vessel design will: reduce operating costs; increase vessel lifespan; increase vessel safety and hence reduce the probability of accidental loss. In order to achieve these goals more quantified information is required in order to persuade ship owners and operators of the economic benefits inherent in such an approach. This highlights the need for directed research into techniques for quantifing through-life environmental costs.

Item Type: Book Section
ISBNs: 4930966019 (hardback)
Keywords: ship emissions, environmental imapct, life cycle analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Fluid-Structure Interactions
ePrint ID: 66449
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2009
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:52

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