Atorvastatin restores endothelial function in offspring of protein restricted rats in a cholesterol-independent manner


Torrens, Christopher, Kelsall, Christopher J., Hopkins, Laura A., Anthony, Frederick W., Curzen, Nick P. and Hanson, Mark A. (2009) Atorvastatin restores endothelial function in offspring of protein restricted rats in a cholesterol-independent manner. Hypertension, 53, (4), 661-667. (doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.122820).

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Description/Abstract

Maternal protein restriction in rats leads to endothelial dysfunction and decreased NO bioavailability in the offspring. Statins (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors) are recognized to have pleiotropic actions including increasing NO bioavailability and reducing inflammation and oxidative damage. This study assessed statin treatment on vascular function in a model of endothelial dysfunction, which is independent of dyslipidemia. Wistar rats were fed a control (18% casein) or protein-restricted (9% casein) diet throughout pregnancy. At weaning, a subset of the protein-restricted group was given atorvastatin (10 mg/kg per day) in the drinking water. At 145 days of age, offspring were euthanized by CO2 inhalation. Plasma samples were collected for markers of inflammation, vascular reactivity of the thoracic aorta, and small mesenteric arteries were assessed on the wire myograph, and tissues were snap frozen for molecular biology analysis. Thoracic aorta endothelial-dependent vasodilatation was attenuated in the male offspring from both protein-restricted groups compared with controls (P<0.05) but was similar in females (P value not significant). Endothelial-dependent dilatation of mesenteric arteries was attenuated in male and female protein-restricted offspring (P<0.05) and was corrected by atorvastatin. Maternal protein restriction increased plasma inflammatory markers granulocyte chemotactic protein, lipocalin-2, and β2-microglobulin in male and C-reactive protein in female offspring (P<0.05). Atorvastatin had no effect on inflammatory markers in the males but restored C-reactive protein to control levels in the females (P<0.05). Aortic and mesenteric artery mRNA levels of endothelial NO synthase, superoxide dismutase 1, and tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} were unchanged. These data suggest that atorvastatin can restore endothelial function in this model, but its effects are gender specific and dependent on the vascular bed

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0194-911X (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: statins, atorvastatin, experimental models, fetal programming, vascular biology, endothelium, nitric oxide, inflammation
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
ePrint ID: 66508
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2009
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:47
Contact Email Address: c.torrens@southampton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/66508

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