Individual differences in self-enhancement and self-protection strategies: an integrative analysis


Hepper, Erica G., Gramzow, Richard H. and Sedikides, Constantine (2010) Individual differences in self-enhancement and self-protection strategies: an integrative analysis. Journal of Personality, 78, 781-814. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00633.x).

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Description/Abstract

Research has identified a large number of strategies that people use to self-enhance or self-protect. We aimed for an empirical integration of these strategies. Two studies used self-report items to assess all commonly recognized self-enhancement or self-protection strategies. In Study 1 (N = 345), exploratory factor analysis identified four reliable factors. In Study 2 (N = 416), this model was validated using confirmatory factor analysis. The factors related differentially to the key personality variables of regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism. Expanding this integrative approach in the future can reveal a great deal about the structure and dynamics of self-enhancement and self-protection motivation.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0022-3506 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: self-enhancement, self-protection, regulatory focus, self-esteem, narcissism
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 66744
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2009
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 10:14
Contact Email Address: E.Hepper@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/66744

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