Nicotine withdrawal and reward responsivity in a card sorting task
Kalamboka, Natasha, Remington, Bob and Glautier, Steven (2009) Nicotine withdrawal and reward responsivity in a card sorting task. Psychopharmacology, 204, (1), 155-163. (doi:10.1007/s00213-008-1449-4).
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Rationale Animal studies have demonstrated decreased reward responsivity during nicotine withdrawal (e.g., Epping-Jordan et al., Nature 393:76–79, 1998) and the Card Arranging Reward Responsivity Objective Test (CARROT) has recently been used to study the effect of nicotine withdrawal on reward responsivity in humans (e.g., Al-Adawi and Powell, Addiction 92:1773–1782, 1997; Powell et al., Biol Psychiatry 51:151–163, 2002). We investigated a suggestion that nicotine withdrawal may have additional reward-related effects apart from the reward responsivity effects already observed.
Objective The objective of this study was to determine whether or not nicotine withdrawal results in slower improvements in performance on a card-sorting task over a series of trials.
Method We carried out two experiments using a modified version of the CARROT, the CARROT, to compare the performance of human participants in nicotine withdrawal with those who were satiated.
Results Although withdrawal produced no direct effect on the CARROT measure of reward responsivity, the overall sorting rate was lower, and the increase in sorting rate across successive trials was slower during nicotine withdrawal than during satiation.
Conclusions These data indicate that nicotine withdrawal impacted on task performance independently of the introduction of a performance contingent reward, suggesting a novel reward-related effect of nicotine withdrawal.
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Cognition
|Date Deposited:||17 Jul 2009|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 02:56|
|Contributors:||Kalamboka, Natasha (Author)
Remington, Bob (Author)
Glautier, Steven (Author)
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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