Decline and localized extinction of a major raised bog species across the British Isles: evidence for associated land-use intensification
Hughes, P.D.M., Lomas-Clarke, S.H., Schulz, J. and Barber, K.E. (2008) Decline and localized extinction of a major raised bog species across the British Isles: evidence for associated land-use intensification. The Holocene, 18, (7), 1033-1043. (doi:10.1177/0959683608095574).
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The decline of S. austinii Sull. Ex Aust. (formerly S. imbricatum Hornsch. Ex Russ. ssp. austinii Sull. Abstract: The decline of S. austinii Sull. represents one of the most striking vegetation Russ. ssp. on the raised Ex Aust.), in most cases to local extinction, represents one of the most striking vegetation changes on the raised bogs of Britain and Northwest Europe during the last 2000 years. This study uses plant macrofossil, pollen and geochemical analyses to explore the record of human impact and land-use intensification at the S. austinii decline. There is a clear temporal association between anthropogenic woodland clearance, cereal cultivation, soil erosion and contemporary climatic change, with the decline of S. austinii. These findings suggest that S. austinii is sensitive not only to rapid climate changes but also to the aerial deposition of soil dust and/or accompanying pollutants. A modern comparison of atmospherically derived nitrogen (N) loadings with the present presence/absence of S. austinii on 16 raised bogs shows that the species is only present where the loading lies below a critical threshold for N of 10 kg/ha per yr. The palaeoecological record also shows that S. austinii has re-established itself during phases of reduced human activity but in contemporary Europe it is difficult to see this happening in the near future.
|Keywords:||sphagnum austinii, sphagnum imbricatum, land use, ssoil erosion, titanium, macrofossils, pollen, palaeoecology, species decline, local extinction, late Holocene, british Isles.|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QE Geology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Environmental Processes and Change
|Date Deposited:||27 Jul 2009|
|Last Modified:||08 Jun 2011 13:45|
|Contributors:||Hughes, P.D.M. (Author)
Lomas-Clarke, S.H. (Author)
Schulz, J. (Author)
Barber, K.E. (Author)
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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