Wide-angle seismic data reveal extensive overpressures in the Eastern Black Sea Basin


Scott, C.L., Shillington, D.J., Minshull, T.A., Edwards, R.A., Brown, P.J. and White, N.J. (2009) Wide-angle seismic data reveal extensive overpressures in the Eastern Black Sea Basin. Geophysical Journal International, 178, (2), 1145-1163. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04215.x).

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Description/Abstract

We present new data that explores the link between pore pressure and seismic velocity to
estimate the magnitude of the overpressure within the deep sediments of the Eastern Black
Sea basin. New wide-angle seismic data, combined with coincident reflection data, have
been modelled simultaneously using the seismic tomography code, Jive3D, to provide a wellconstrained
seismic velocity model of the sediments. Our models reveal a widespread lowvelocity
zone at the depth of 5.5–8.5 km, which is characterized by a velocity decrease from
3.5 to ∼2.5 km s−1. Using two separate methods that relate changes in seismic velocity to
changes in effective stress, we estimate pore pressures of at least 160 MPa within the lowvelocity
zone. These pore pressures give λ values of 0.8–0.9 within the centre of the basin and
above the Mid-Black Sea High. The low-velocity zone occurs within the Maikop formation,
an organic-rich mud layer identified as the source of mud volcanism in the Black Sea and
South Caspian Sea.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0956-540X (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: Seismic tomography; Sedimentary basin processes; Mud volcanism; Asia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
ePrint ID: 67102
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:48
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/67102

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