Experimental and numerical analysis of toughness anisotropy in AA2139 Al-alloy sheet

Morgeneyer, T.F., Besson, J., Proudhon, H., Starink, M.J. and Sinclair, I. (2009) Experimental and numerical analysis of toughness anisotropy in AA2139 Al-alloy sheet. Acta Materialia, 57, 3902-3915. (doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2009.04.046).


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Toughness anisotropy of AA2139 (Al–Cu–Mg) in T351 and T8 conditions has been studied via mechanical testing of smooth and notched specimens of different geometries, loaded in the rolling direction (L) or in the transverse direction (T). Fracture mechanisms were investigated via scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron radiation computed tomography. Contributions to failure anisotropy are identified as: (i) anisotropic initial void shape and growth; (ii) plastic behaviour including isotropic/kinematic hardening and plastic anisotropy; and (iii) nucleation at a second population of second-phase particles leading to coalescence via narrow crack regions. A model based in part on the Gurson–Tvergaard–Needleman approach is constructed to describe and predict deformation behaviour, crack propagation and, in particular, toughness anisotropy. Model parameters are fitted using microstructural data and data on deformation and crack propagation for a range of small test samples. Its transferability has been shown by simulating tests of large M(T) samples.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2009.04.046
Additional Information: Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge Alcan CRV for financial support and material supply, and Frédéric Bron and Bernard Bès for technical discussion.
ISSNs: 1359-6454 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: toughness anisotropy, aluminium, synchrotron radiation computed tomography, gurson model, kinematic hardening, 2139, Al-Cu-Mg, Al-Cu-Mg-Ag, void, crack growth, toughness, grain boundary, coalescence, kahn test, tear test, aerospace alloy, creep froming, age forming, wing, fuselage, damage tolerance
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Engineering Materials & Surface Engineering
ePrint ID: 67130
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 02:54
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/67130

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