Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models

Mitra, Robin and Reiter, Jerome P. (2009) Estimating propensity scores with missing covariate data using general location mixture models. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences Reseach Institute, 47pp. (S3RI Methodology working papers, M09/13).


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In many observational studies, researchers estimate causal effects using propensity scores, e.g., by matching or sub-classifying on the scores. Estimation of propensity scores is complicated when some values of the covariates are
missing. We propose to use multiple imputation to create completed datasets, from which propensity scores can be estimated, with a general location mixture model. The model assumes that the control units are a latent mixture of (i)
units whose covariates are drawn from the same distributions as the treated units’ covariates and (ii) units whose covariates are drawn from different distributions. This formulation reduces the influence of control units outside the treated units’ region of the covariate space on the estimation of parameters in the imputation model, which can result in more plausible imputations and better balance in the true covariate distributions. We illustrate the benefits of 1 the latent class modeling approach with simulations and with an observational
study of the effect of breast feeding on children’s cognitive abilities.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Keywords: latent class, missing data, multiple imputation, observational studies, propensity score
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute
ePrint ID: 67154
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
4 August 2009Made publicly available
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2009
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:53

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