Palaeomagnetic intensity from 14C-dated flows on the Big Island, Hawaii: 0-21kyr


Pressling, Nicola, Laj, Carlo, Kissel, Catherine, Champion, Duane and Gubbins, David (2006) Palaeomagnetic intensity from 14C-dated flows on the Big Island, Hawaii: 0-21kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 247, (1-2), 26-40. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.04.026).

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Description/Abstract

Thellier–Thellier experiments were carried out on 216 lava samples collected by the USGS on the Big Island. 35 individual flows from the Kilauea, Mauna Loa and Hualalai volcanoes are represented and independent radiocarbon dating of the flows yields absolute ages ranging from 290 to 20,240 yrs old. The palaeomagnetic analysis was carried out at the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement in Gif-sur-Yvette, France, in two custom built, large capacity furnaces that have been specifically designed to minimise oxidation. The temperature steps were adapted to accommodate the characteristic loss of magnetisation at low temperatures seen in the Curie balance results and the use of half-size samples allowed secondary experiments to be carried out where necessary. The strict PICRIT-03 selection criteria were rigorously applied to the data and a high success rate of 53% has been achieved on a sample level. The flow averaged results almost double the existing 14C-dated palaeointensity dataset for this time window and confirm a period of high intensity over the past 4 kyr preceded by a period in which the dipole moment was weaker. However, the values attained in this study are on average higher than previously published data; reliability of these values is discussed.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0012-821X (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: palaeointensity; selection criteria; Hawaii; Thellier–Thellier method; radiocarbon ages
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
ePrint ID: 68859
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2009
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:48
Contact Email Address: n.j.pressling@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/68859

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