Nutrition in early life, and risk of cancer and metabolic disease: alternative endings in an epigenetic tale?
Burdge, Graham C., Lillycrop, Karen A. and Jackson, Alan A. (2009) Nutrition in early life, and risk of cancer and metabolic disease: alternative endings in an epigenetic tale? British Journal of Nutrition, 101, (5), 619-630. (doi:10.1017/S0007114508145883).
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There is substantial evidence which shows that constraints in the early life environment are an important determinant of risk of metabolic disease and CVD. There is emerging evidence that higher birth weight, which reflects a more abundant prenatal environment, is associated with increased
risk of cancer, in particular breast cancer and childhood leukaemia. Using specific examples from epidemiology and experimental studies, this review discusses the hypothesis that increased susceptibility to CVD, metabolic disease and cancer have a common origin in developmental changes induced in the developing fetus by aspects of the intra-uterine environment including nutrition which involve stable changes to the epigenetic regulation of specific genes. However, the induction of specific disease risk is dependent upon the nature of the environmental challenge and interactions between the susceptibility set by the altered epigenome and the environment throughout the life course.
|Keywords:||cancer, metabolic disease, CVD, early life environment, epigenetics|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
|Date Deposited:||16 Oct 2009|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 18:48|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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