Social inequalities in grip strength, physical function, and falls among community dwelling older men and women: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study
Syddall, Holly, Evandrou, Maria, Cooper, Cyrus and Sayer, Avan Aihie (2009) Social inequalities in grip strength, physical function, and falls among community dwelling older men and women: findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. Journal of Health and Aging, 21, (6), 913-939. (doi:10.1177/0898264309340793).
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Objectives: To explore social inequalities in grip strength, SF-36 physical functioning (PF), and falls among older people.
Methods: We analyzed data from 3,225 men and women (age 59-73 years) who participated in the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, United Kingdom. Car availability and home ownership were used as markers of material deprivation.
Results: A total of 6.4% of men (17.7% women) had no car and 19.3% of men (23.1% women) did not own their home. Having fewer cars was associated with lower grip and poorer PF among men and women (p < .001), and increased falls among men (p < .001). Not owning one’s home was associated with lower grip in men and women (p < .001) and poorer PF in men (p < .001). Lower social class was associated with falls among women only (p = .01).
Discussion: There are social inequalities in grip strength, PF, and falls among older people. Interventions should consider the contribution of social inequalities to the problem.
|Keywords:||social inequalities, material deprivation, grip strength, physical function, falls, older people|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
|Date Deposited:||04 Nov 2009|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 15:11|
|Contact Email Address:||email@example.com|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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