TFG, a target of chromosome translocations in lymphoma and soft tissue tumors, fuses to GPR128 in healthy individuals
Chase, Andrew, Ernst, Thomas, Fiebig, Andreas, Collins, Andrew, Grand, Francis, Erben, Phillip, Reiter, Andreas, Schreiber, Stefan and Cross, Nicholas C.P. (2010) TFG, a target of chromosome translocations in lymphoma and soft tissue tumors, fuses to GPR128 in healthy individuals. Haematologica, 95, (1), 20-26. (doi:10.3324/haematol.2009.011536).
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Background: fusion gene formation plays roles in both oncogenesis and evolution by facilitating the acquisition of novel functions. Here we describe the first example of a human polymorphic in-frame fusion of two unrelated genes associated with a copy number variant (CNV).
Design and methods: genomic array comparative hybridization (CGH) was used to identify cryptic oncogenic fusion genes. Fusion gene structure and origin was examined using molecular biological and computational methods. Phenotype associations were examined using PopGen cohorts.
Results: targeted array CGH to identify cryptic oncogenic fusion genes in patients with atypical myeloproliferative neoplasms identified a 111 kb amplification with breakpoints within TRK-fused gene (TFG, a target of translocations in lymphoma and thyroid tumors) and G-protein-coupled receptor 128 (GPR128) resulting in an expressed in-frame TFG-GPR128 fusion transcript. The fusion gene was also identified in healthy individuals at a frequency of 0.02 (3/120). Normally both genes are in identical orientations with TFG immediately downstream of GPR128. In individuals with a CNV amplification, one or two copies of the TFG-GPR128 fusion are found between the two parental genes. The breakpoints share a region of microhomology, and haplotype and microsatellite analysis indicate a single ancestral origin. Analysis of PopGen cohorts showed no obvious phenotype association. An in silico search of EST databases found no other CNV amplification-associated fusion transcripts, suggesting this is an uncommon event.
Conclusions: the finding of a polymorphic gene fusion in healthy individuals adds another layer to the complexity of human genome variation and emphasizes the importance of careful discrimination of oncogenic changes found in tumor samples from non-pathogenic normal variation
|Keywords:||fusion gene, oncogenesis, targeted array, genomic array comparative hybridization|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Human Genetics
|Date Deposited:||18 Nov 2009|
|Last Modified:||25 Apr 2013 19:37|
|Contributors:||Chase, Andrew (Author)
Ernst, Thomas (Author)
Fiebig, Andreas (Author)
Collins, Andrew (Author)
Grand, Francis (Author)
Erben, Phillip (Author)
Reiter, Andreas (Author)
Schreiber, Stefan (Author)
Cross, Nicholas C.P. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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