Topographic maps: methodological approaches for analyzing cartographic style


Kent, Alexander (2009) Topographic maps: methodological approaches for analyzing cartographic style. Journal of Map and Geography Libraries, 6, (2), 131-156. (doi:10.1080/15420350903001187).

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Description/Abstract

Despite their status and ubiquity, modern state topographic maps are seldom the topic of cartographic research. There is a notable deficiency in the number of empirical studies that investigate their design, or, given their heritage, examine their symbology with a view to identifying the ingredients of style. The issue of stylistic similarities and differences raises important questions for the history and development of map symbology and the wider relationship between maps and society. The absence of critical interpretations of topographic map symbology—which lay beyond a discussion of the problems of cartographic representation—has also meant that the cultural rationale for stylistic diversity has been neglected. This paper describes a strategy for identifying and explaining similarities and differences in the cartographic style of topographic maps, with a view toward developing a methodology for classifying and analyzing their symbology. It provides a review of existing approaches for investigating style in thematic cartography (such as transport maps and national atlases) before proposing that a future method should be based on that of Piket (1972), and offer direct application. A systematic analysis of topographic map symbology would be particularly useful for identifying supranational styles and for exploring the extent to which national conditions—specific variables such as population density and cars in use, together with wider ideological changes such as the achievement of political independence—are intrinsically expressed through topographic map symbology.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1542-0353 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: topographic maps, map symbols, map design
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > Z665 Library Science. Information Science
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GT Manners and customs
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography
ePrint ID: 69809
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2009
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:49
Contact Email Address: a.j.kent@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/69809

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